In festo Corpus Christi

June 14, 2020 – Today is the Feast of Corpus Christi (The Body and Blood of Christ)

The Eucharistic miracle of Bolsena from frescos in the Cathedral of Orvieto

Saint Thomas Aquinas had a particular devotion to Jesus Christ present in the Most Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist. He was serving in the papal court when it was in residence in Orvieto, Italy, when a remarkable Eucharistic miracle occurred.

In 1263 a German priest, Peter of Prague, stopped at Bolsena while on pilgrimage to Rome. He was celebrating Mass in the Basilica of Bolsena, and when the moment of consecration arrived, the Host was transformed into Flesh. This miracle strengthened the wavering belief of the priest in the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist.

Pope Urban IV was prompted by this miracle to commission St. Thomas Aquinas to compose the Office for the Mass and Liturgy of the Hours to celebrate the Most Holy Body of the Lord (Corpus Christi). One year after the miracle, in August of 1264, Pope Urban IV introduced Aquinas’s composition, and by means of a papal bull instituted the feast of Corpus Christi.

Taken from posters (here and here) about the miracle at therealpresence.org
Pope Urban IV inspecting the Precious Blood from the miracle with his court, including Saint Thomas

Here is part of the liturgy St. Thomas composed:

O precious and wonderful banquet!

Since it was the will of God’s only-begotten Son that men should share in his divinity, he assumed our nature in order that by becoming man he might make men gods. Moreover, when he took our flesh he dedicated the whole of its substance to our salvation. He offered his body to God the Father on the altar of the cross as a sacrifice for our reconciliation. He shed his blood for our ransom and purification, so that we might be redeemed from our wretched state of bondage and cleansed from all sin. But to ensure that the memory of so great a gift would abide with us for ever, he left his body as food and his blood as drink for the faithful to consume in the form of bread and wine.

O precious and wonderful banquet that brings us salvation and contains all sweetness! Could anything be of more intrinsic value? Under the old law it was the flesh of calves and goats that was offered, but here Christ himself, the true God, is set before us as our food. What could be more wonderful than this? No other sacrament has greater healing power; through it sins are purged away, virtues are increased, and the soul is enriched with an abundance of every spiritual gift. It is offered in the Church for the living and the dead, so that what was instituted for the salvation of all may be for the benefit of all. Yet, in the end, no one can fully express the sweetness of this sacrament, in which spiritual delight is tasted at its very source, and in which we renew the memory of that surpassing love for us which Christ revealed in his passion.

It was to impress the vastness of this love more firmly upon the hearts of the faithful that our Lord instituted this sacrament at the Last Supper. As he was on the point of leaving the world to go to the Father, after celebrating the Passover with his disciples, he left it as a perpetual memorial of his passion. It was the fulfillment of ancient figures and the greatest of all his miracles, while for those who were to experience the sorrow of his departure, it was destined to be a unique and abiding consolation.

Opusculum 57, in festo Corporis Christi, lect. 1-4

New Home

Lepida dicta hic insere

The study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is.

— Saint Thomas Aquinas

The Thomistic Philosophy Page has moved to a new home, and I am reviewing and revising my existing content, and adding new essays on the philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas.

The following essays are new in February 2020:

I also significantly updated the Quodlibital Question on Conscience.

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